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The Science Behind: Acne

Acne, known for usually affecting teenagers, is a phenomenon that most likely affects you or someone you know. Around 85% of teenagers in each generation suffer from acne, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. It is true that teens suffer the most from acne, but acne can affect

people of any age group.

Sebaceous hair follicles, which are microscopic pores or holes on your skin, are where it all begins. The sebaceous glands located deep inside each follicle create sebum, the oil needed to maintain the skin's moisture and suppleness. Old skin cells die and are sloughed off during skin renewal to make place for a brand-new skin layer. All skin types, however, respond differently to this procedure. Unevenly shed dead cells become sticky and collect on the skin in clumps. Within the follicle, this cluster traps bacteria and oil. The cluster starts to enlarge as the sebaceous glands continue to generate oil, and it eventually develops into the dreaded pimple. It is important to note that other factors can play a huge role in whether a person develops acne or not, including bacteria, excess sebum, inflammation, hormone instabilities, and follicle fallout. Moreover, there are many different types of acne.

Different types of acne are treated differently, and dermatologists and other professionals are expected to act accordingly. A pimple every now and then does not necessarily mean you need to visit the dermatologist, you can treat it at home; this may be just a result of some excess bacterial buildup that you can easily take care of by doing simple things like washing your skin twice a day, making sure the products you are using on your face do not cause irritation and using sunscreen. Extreme cases or types of acne, like cystic acne, must not be treated at home but instead taken to a dermatologist immediately to be properly examined and cleared.

Acne is a common happening that affects millions worldwide. Your acne shouldn’t be a spawn of insecurity. Do not be hesitant to seek treatment or talk to a professional if you feel like it's necessary.





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